Wilderness Safety and Survival

Wilderness 1

By Iris West

If you are a fan of activities that often take you to the wilderness such as camping and hiking, then it is important that you familiarize yourself with safety and survival for the wilderness. If you have little or no outdoor survival skills, then it’s best to do a little research before starting your trip. Remember desert, forest and clear skies will be your closest friends. Also of much benefit is to have an idea of your enemies too; including bugs, some animals and some flies!

Packing for the wilderness

If it is your first time, you need to know about the essentials that you need to pack before you leave the house. First of all, travel light and anything non-essential should not accompany you on your trip. Always pack for the estimated time that you will be there. For instance, if the hike will take no more than three days and nights, then you should not pack for a fourth. You should only pack what you can carry as dragging unnecessary and/or extra weight may only endanger you and those around you. Knowing what to pack and how to pack is both a survival and safety skill, most especially if you are travelling alone. Some essentials that you need to pack include:

  • Utensils
  • Flashlight or another sustainable source of light that does not rely on electricity for recharge
  • Map and compass as well as any other navigation equipment that you can use effectively
  • Sunscreen and insect repellent
  • Shelter equipment among others that you need to read up on depending where in the world you are.

Wilderness 2

Understand each person’s skills

If you are travelling as a group, it is important that you understand the skills and contributions of each member of the group. Those who do not have survival skills can be assigned tasks that do not require specific skills such as the collection of firewood. That is to say that they should play a supportive role. If you are alone, it is equally important that you know the extent of your skills. For instance, can you build a fire without using a lighter or matches? If not, then you will need to carry them as essentials.

Always follow the trail

Remember that you are out in the wilderness and you are no doubt bound to come across a number of wild animals. It is, therefore, important that for your own safety, you follow the trails. However tempting it might be, do not wander off to create your own path unless you have a trained guide with you. Some trails are also equally dangerous so it is important that you watch your step.

Do not just eat or drink anything

Not everything that has meat on it is edible and in just the same way, not every plant is edible. If you have no idea what is edible and what is not, then do not attempt to eat anything. It is much better to carry your own food instead of eating anything out in the wilderness.

Watch your fire

It might be tempting and reassuring to just keep adding wood to the fire, especially if you do not have a stove to use. That might be the beginning of a fatal fire. Always watch your fire so that the flames do not grow out of control. At the same time, account for the wind strength and speed as it might just carry embers around and start an uncontrollable fire. Always put out any unmonitored fires, especially when you go to sleep. Otherwise, you will end up starting a wilderness fire.


Request to be accompanied by a guide

This applies if you (when travelling alone) or anyone in the group, has safety or survival knowledge. If there is no guide available, because not all places have guides, then align yourself/yourselves with a group that has a knowledgeable person of the area. I would, however, recommend that before you even plan the trip, you familiarize yourself with basic survival skills such as building a fire or fishing.

Stick to and with the group

Unless you are travelling alone in some secluded part of the wilderness, it is always important to stick with a group. Alone, you are an easy target to some wild animals and there is an increased chance of getting lost. As a group, however, you have the collective knowledge as well as strength in numbers. You will also enjoy the sight of animals in their habitat. When sticking together in a group, some animals might appear to be your friends. However, don’t go too close to them to test this impression!

Wilderness First Aid KitHave an emergency first aid kit

Even if you do not have medical training, you should ensure you have basic first aid skills. If you don’t, then you should at least have a first aid booklet or written guide.

In any case, always carry a first aid kit for emergencies. There are so many types of first aid kits available, you are bound to find one that is perfect for your circumstances.

Familiarize yourself with safety procedures

Just because you are out in the wilderness, does not mean that there aren’t emergency safety procedures. In the event of an emergency, you need to be aware of what to do before you get additional aid or assistance. It is therefore necessary to learn the procedures relevant to your area as well as the emergency contacts.

One other the daytime safety precaution that you should never forget is ‘never walk barefoot’ (the wilderness poses lots of threats).

At night, ‘walk around the campsite and always zip your tent while you sleep’.

Do not take risks that you cannot safely get out of

The thrill of being in the wilderness might make you take unnecessary risks. If you know you cannot get out of any situation safely, then it is not worth getting into it in the first place. For instance, do not dive into the river without knowledge of its depth and speed. However, if you really want to then consider if are you an exceptional swimmer and diver. If not, then avoid it.

In short, never take your personal safety for granted. You can never be too careful.

Multiple Contributor

A young writer and blogger, Iris West lives across her 3 rental houses in Nairobi, Mombasa and Nanyuki in Kenya.

She spends most her holiday time travelling and exploring different geographic regions for social pleasure, nature experiences and for educative purposes, including spending some weeks each year at Kenya’s North parts of Rift Valley, Turkana.

She contributes a lot toward supporting less fortunate families and attends a number of international business conferences as part of her professional work.

9 thoughts on “Wilderness Safety and Survival

  • July 24, 2020 at 8:30 am

    These precautions are so essential for safety and you have compiled it in such a lovely way. Fire is such an important aspect to watch our for as any negligence can lead to devastation. I would feel safe having a guide around and prefer group travel.

  • July 23, 2020 at 9:02 am

    Wow these are so important to watch out when being outdoors. I know things can get really scary and ugly if certain things are ignored. I definitely follow some of these if not all when I go out camping especially. The first aid kit is a must that I have in my bag, never know when one need to use it.

  • July 22, 2020 at 2:47 pm

    What an awesome compilation of safety measures for outdoor adventures. One that I don’t think I saw (or maybe I missed it) was not moving from where you are if you get lost. Usually when we move too much, it makes it more difficult for the rescue teams to locate us.

  • July 22, 2020 at 6:56 am

    I remember camping once in Lake Tahoe and hearing bears nearby. Peeked out and saw they were cubs and I said so cute, and relaxed. Then my hubby remarked, if the cubs are there, the mom must be close by. I was pretty tense the rest of the night LOL!

  • July 21, 2020 at 7:16 pm

    We went camping one summer in California and there were mountain lions prowling around the campsite. I was able to go off to sleep but my husband spent all night with the key fob in his hand so that if we got attacked he could press the alarm button and wake everybody up. He didn’t sleep a wink all night I slept like a baby!!

  • July 21, 2020 at 10:06 am

    Packing for the wilderness, it’s not an easy task. Hiking in the wilderness is challenging, so proper preparation is a key to safely trek. I like the tips you share in this article—handy and essential tips, especially for beginners. Even for easy hikes, I take a first aid kit and a flashlight.

  • July 20, 2020 at 6:54 pm

    Heading off into the wilderness may be beyond the norm for many people. So having a safety checklist like this would help to ensure they are better prepared for reality. And emergencies too! I like the idea of using a guide or staying with a larger group. Especially true if the group has been there before.

  • July 20, 2020 at 9:00 am

    These are great tips for being in the wilderness. I heard of so many horror stories about unmonitored camp fires leading to fatalities. I’d feel safer having a guide if possible; you just never know!

  • July 19, 2020 at 8:09 pm

    These are great safety tips for exploring the wilderness. These tips brought back fond memories of my service year in Nigeria where we explored the Obudu Mountain Ranch as a group and we had to follow the trail, listen to each other and support each other through the wilderness. It was quite an experience.


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